小聊设计思想的上进

公司八个月会后无处都在讲安排思想,到处都在奋发。大家首领照旧很跟得上洋气的嘛。因在哈佛商业贸易评论福布斯的通讯后“设计思想”在商业贸易中被普遍关切和履行起来。二〇二〇年United States超级商院已将设计思想(design
thinking)纳入课程系列,伊利诺伊香槟分校高校创制D.School等。在JohnMaeda《科学和技术中的设计》年报告,很多大集团和独角兽的奠基者或高层里都有设计师在里面,像IBM和麦肯锡前段时间发表了其最高级职业中对设计师的任命。从04年到二零一六年有跨越50家有名规划集团被买断,在那之中15,16年有26家。可知设计在经济贸易的酷爱,及企划思想的燥热。就算非常流行,大概过多少人认为她像V昂科威、大数目、共享自行车等刚刚起来的。实际上,“设计思想”(实际也是统一筹划)做为一种形式已经度过了一段非常短的升高历史了。何不停一下,理解一下前身和近况呢。做完桌面切磋后就花了点时间整理了该文,把从工业时代到前日影响设计思想的人选做个小介绍,因事关内容实在是太多了,被放上来的,纯粹是看怎么人熟稔,哪些人记录的事无巨细些,不对的地点请指正,谢谢伟大的互连网,谢谢为统一筹划思想付诸实践的“先烈”们。

作者:Thomas Lockwood, University of Westminster PhD, Integrated design
Management.

壹玖伍玖前 包House的筹划思想,人文与浪费,国际现代主义和SUZUKI文化

经验工业革命,大萧条和世界世界二战后的工业规划。 兼顾作用生产和美学为主的时期。

Design Thinking 概览

安顿思想本质上是以用户为主导,强调考察,同盟,快速学习,视觉化点子,飞速概念原型,兼商业分析,最后影响立异和商业策略的更新进程。他的指标是把消费者,设计师和生意职员构成到产品、服务或购销的安插进程上。它是想像今后状况和把产品,服务和经验带到市镇上的工具。设计思想术语上来看像是应用设计师的机灵和方法消除难题,不管难点是哪些的。它无法取代专业设计师或方法和手艺设计,但它是启发立异的一种办法。

规划思想的多少个主要条件:

1.基于现场调研深入了然消费者

2.与用户和复合型团队联手球组织作,寻找突破性创新、显然升高和扩大新价值上

3.由此视觉化,亲手体验和快捷原型来加速学习,快速获得用户举报。目的是经过急忙数次的破产来得到更新。

4.原型化,能够是概念草图,粗糙的情理模块,或逸事角色板,或一组场景好玩的事等

5.交互实行买卖分析,是很首要的一些。

彼得·贝伦斯(Peter Behrens)

Peter·贝伦斯,德意志联邦共和国建筑师,工业规划的四驱,第一个人当代方法设计师,是当代人的大师,包含最盛名的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚定不移”少正是多“的建筑经济学),勒·柯布西耶(成效主义之父),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包House创始人),那多少人都在她的工作室为她干活过。他是首先个尝试综合工艺和技巧构成的设计师。

Design Thinking / Design management / Design Leadership / Design strategy 的区别

小编的视角是,
设计思想是一种支持发现非显性的必要或机会,匡助创造新的化解方案的章程。设计管理偏重在保管和首长设计团队,进程和统一筹划产出物(产品、服务、调换、环境和互动)。设计理事和布置性策略越来越多考虑的是布署思想和安排管理的频率及出现物上。

包豪斯:全新设计策略的教育

一九一七年格罗皮乌斯在德意志联邦共和国创建包House,是率先所将贝伦斯的想法应用到高教中。密斯是终极一届校长。壹玖贰陆年在纳粹的下压力下关闭,学校的设计师们都迁往United States,世界二战后包House的筹划教育学(平衡艺术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领United States的规划思想,随着这一个人在United States随处落脚,设计的思想运动也在全美外地开花。

规划思想在购买销售、品牌,服务规划,客户体验上

更新使得商业的异样,设计使得立异。

不过大家的题材已远远超过了生意难点,像MIT和印度孟买理工科在解决的标题已是系统层面的难点,像大家的食品要求连串,小孩子肥胖,急救健康等,作为1个设计师和设计思考者,有这样的机会去消除那样的难点是何其的满面红光,通过投机能影响和改动社会难点。

安顿协作与咨询在美利坚合众国上扬运行

1919-一九二九以内和包House一样有影响的U.S.工业和图表设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, 沃尔特 Dorwin Teague, and DonaldDesky(都是在U.S.诞生的),那一个设计师把设计合作与咨询用在实践上,与包House的教诲同步影响着United States的图像和工业规划。

  • 哈利·厄尔 Harley
    Earl
    ,第③人在筹划小车上应用市集细分策略的设计师

    Chevrolet Corvette

  • 雷蒙德·洛威 Raymond
    Loewy
    ,设计咨询升级现有技术产品
    在不改变任何技术下,通过结合美学、材质、创设大大改观十一分时代丑陋的家用电器产品,第1位登上《时期》的设计师。他的筹划差异于包House的“方式追随成效”(Form
    Follows
    Function),较偏向市镇主义的“情势追随市镇”,他曾说过:“当商品在同一的标价和机能下竞争,设计正是绝无仅有的差距”。他建立及时最大的布署性公司,接授设计划委员会托,并以“洛威设计”的名义发布,“洛威设计”在卓殊时期是一种美好设计的代表、销售保障的代名词,这一作法在后天也能见于一些规划集团。

    洛威的“阿汎提”设计草图,一九六五年

  • Henley·德雷福斯 Henry
    Dreyfuss
    ,把人因因素做为产品的主导设计
    在其1953年的公布的《Designing for
    People》
    一书中论述了以人为本的宏图意见,以人为着力的布置性最早实践者和创始人。

    Designing for People 书中节选

  • 保罗·兰德 Paul
    Rand
    ,将品牌识别与国际主义相结合
    IBM,ABC,FEEDX,西屋、NeXT等视觉系统的规划,将包House倡导的现代方法及布署思想和美学原则,应用到商业贸易服务统一筹划中。

    IBM

ABC

“Design is relationship. Design is a relationship between form and
content.”

  • 乔治·尼尔森查Rees夫妇,为家庭和办公室系统规划
    一九四一年George·尼尔森在Herman
    Miller做筹划老总时就把规划思想带进了家用电器概念设计中,设计师不在单干而是与一群的设计师从系统环境的角度来看产品设计。在这一观点和方针下查Rees和雷·埃蒙斯设计了Eames
    Loung
    Chair。Charles平常鼓励工作职员多做试验,他曾说他的企盼就是“和这个从事于毫无用处的类型的人一起工作。那样会磕磕碰碰出新思考的火焰。”

    Eames Loung Chair

Chapter 1 Notes on the Evolution of Design Thinking: A Work in Progress

开拓进取中的设计思想

by Craig M. Vogel, Director of Center for Design Research and
Innovation, College of Design Architecture, Art and Planning, University
of Cincinnati

一九六〇-一九七七 建立统一筹划执行,设计活动集中

统一筹划执行在短短的20年时间跨度里,不仅再也定义了设计是如何,更是证实了它能够用来做什么。这几个相对短但非常密集的阶段在天下限量内出生了两种截然差别的陈设方法。
60时代的United States=设计科学
60时代的花旗国,工业规划和产品设计取得的率先小步的进步是规范上从工程和不利区分出来。但她俩并没有走得更远,工业规划依旧主要依照可量化,可度量的难题与事件。设计工作室平时在高等高校实验室或工厂,不像明天的工作室在城市和市集里有像咖啡厅一样的装修。
表示有像MIT的Fuller建立多学科的有用之才团队开始展览立异。

60年间斯堪的纳维亚=协同布置
在同等期,Fuller分裂的斯堪的纳维亚设计,通过特邀大学参与统一筹划切磋。这一个设计师扮演促进者或引导者剧中人物,每一个人和专家到工人或居民一道设计他们想要使用的成品或劳务。开发了成都百货上千惊人立异的类型,像Utopia,NJMF,DEMOkratiske
Stryringssystemer,DEMOS等扶持工人,工会,工作地方,政坛部门应对频频转变的条件。
那种工作章程直接适用于大家后天提的服务规划,这种工作格局严重重视设计师的边做边设计和辅导,使用工具像”Mock-up
envisionment(模拟设想)”,现在圈,协会游戏,同盟原型,人种学领域切磋,社会调查等爆发新想法或改良现有。中度加入和佚代,集体斟酌。
到20世纪80年间中叶,因为总计机的普及与HCI(人机交互)的上扬,斯堪的纳维亚的通力合作安顿终于迈出北冰洋过来美利坚合众国,被广泛地叫做参加式设计。

PETER BEHRENS: CORPORATE IDENTITY AND BRAND DIFFERENTIATION

Peter Behrens (14 April 1868 – 27 February 1940) was a
German
architect
and
designer.
He was important for the modernist
movement
,
and several of the movement’s leading names (including Ludwig Mies van
der
Rohe
,
Le
Corbusier

and Walter
Gropius
)
worked for him in earlier stages of their careers. He was one of the
first designers who tried to synthesize the two polar positions of
technology and craft.

Peter·贝伦斯,德意志建筑师,工业规划的先驱者,第1个人当代格局设计师,是当代人的一把手,包罗最资深的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚贞不屈”少就是多“的修建管理学),勒·柯布西耶(功效主义之父),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包豪斯创始人),那三个人都在他的工作室为他干活过。他是第三个尝试综合工艺和技能结合的设计师。

Buckminister Fuller 的不错统筹

一九五七年起在MIT 创新意识工程实验室教师CADS(Comprehensive Anticipatory Design
Science)。他的实验室应用科学方法发生设计。Fuller的办法创立在工程师、工业设计师、质地专家、化学专家的有用之才团队的基本功上进行立异。代表小说有:Geodesic
Domestic, the Dymaxion car, Triton city, the “Fly’s Eye” Dome等。

the Dymaxion car

ca88官方会员登录,“设计师是综合了歌唱家,化学家,机械师,经济专家和方针于一身。”

The BAUHAUS: A NEW DESIGN STRATEGY FOR EDUCATION

包House:全新设计策略的教育

一九一六年格罗皮乌斯在德创设包豪斯,是首先所将贝伦斯的想法应用到高等教学中。密斯是最后一届校长。一九二八年在纳粹的下压力下关闭,学校的设计师们都迁往美利哥,世界世界二战后包House的宏图文学(平衡艺术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美利坚协作国的铺排性思想,随着那么些人在美利哥随处落脚,设计的思考运动也在全美各市开花。

Scandinavian 协同安排

50年间以简练、少、作用性,具有包容性和民主性为特征的完全有别于别的设计艺术的Scandinavian设计活动,在北欧国家一贯沿系到今天。受语言的阻碍使得这一平移没有记录并传到更广。60年间的Scandinavian协同安排在电脑的人机交互和劳动布置上有许多的前进。

Chairs at the Danish Design Center, Denmark

CORAV4PORATE AND CONSULTING DESIGN IN THE UNITED STATES,设计合营与咨询在U.S.的前行

1919-1926中间和包House一样有影响的U.S.A.工业和图纸设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, 沃尔特 Dorwin Teague, and 唐NaderDesky(都以在United States落地的),这几个设计师把设计合作与咨询用在实践上,与包House的教诲上一块影响着United States的图像和工业设计。

Harley Earl and General Motors: Market Segmentation in the Auto Industry

Harley Earl 美利坚合众国第⑤个人在规划小车上行使市集细分策略,一九二九-1956

Raymond Loewy, Design Consultant: Updating Existing Technology

Loewy merged aesthetics, materials, and manufacturing to transform the
loud and ugly electric refrigerator of the 1920s into a modern kichen
appliance. The consumer response was immediate. In one year, sales of
Sears’s Cold Spot increased from 65,000 to 250,000 units – without any
significant change in core technology.

Henry Dreyfuss: Integrating Human Factors as a Core Component of Product
Design

Dreyfuss developed a more scientific approach to human factors and
integrated that perspective with product aesthetics. “to develop
individuals who will be competent to change their environment to greater
conformity with moral ideals.” This became the basis for Dreyfuss’s
human-centered approach. He expressed those ideas in his 1955 book,
Designing for people. Dreyfuss was a more articulate practitioner of
human-centered design than was Loewy.

Paul Rand and Elliot Noyes: Corporate Identity and the International
Movement

Noyes was educated as an architect at Harvard and studied under Gropius
and Bauhaus furniture designer Marcel Breuer. Rand, for his part, was
heavily influenced by what had come to be called the Swiss Style of
graphic design and helped to build a relationship between Switzerland’s
Basel school of Design and Yale University.

One of the first strategic design decisions Rand and Noyes conceived for
international Business Machines was to reduce its long and awkward name
to IBM. Modern identities, they believed, needed to be easy to read and
pronounce in all applications and all languages. The new logo and
identity system was integrated with an approach to curtain wall
architecture that was applied to the new buildings at IBM, as well as to
the outer panel construction design of mainframe computer systems.

George Nelson and Charles and Ray Eames: System Design for Home and Work

When George Nelson was appointed design director for Herman Miller in
1945, he brought a new level of design thinking to the concept of
furniture design for the home and office.

Modern office buildings were being designed using a systematic approach,
and Nelson saw the interior office landscape similarly-as a potential
opportunity for the application of modular design design systems. Each
individual piece of furniture would act as one in a series of flexible
parts with multiple configurations that would fit the modern open office
that had come into being in the 1950s and ’60s.

The husband-and-wife team of Charles and Ray Eames contributed some of
their most important designs under this new strategy. Both of them
studied at Michigan’s Cranbrook Academy of Art, and both were influenced
by Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. The Eames lounge chair and airport
seating solution, for Herman Miller, are two of the most influential
design projects of the twentieth century.

The ideas and work of Charles and Ray Eames represent a unique and vital
branch of design thinking. Their work is as powerful and influential as
that of Frank Lloyd Wright; yet they are virtually unknown outside of
the fields of design and architecture.

Herbert A. Simon

Simon在壹玖陆柒问世的人造科学中,给规划多个新的分类和界限。Simon认为满门的宏图应被视为人造品,是当然的对峙面。

“The engineer, and more generally the designer, is concerned with how
things ought to be — how they ought to be in order to attain goals,
and to function.”

“Everyone designs who devises courses of action aimed at changing
existing situations into preferred ones.”

FROM PRODUCT TO ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL CHANGE

In 1975 Bill Hannon founded the Design Management Institute(DMI) in
Boston, Massachusetts. This was the first professional organization in
the world dedicated to improving the role of design in business, and
helped to define design management as a new practice.

In 1976 Victor Papanek published his Design for the Real World, asking
designers to see the potential of design thinking for social and
environmental responsibility. He accused designers of catering to the
small percentage of consumers who have everything, while ignoring those
in lower income levels and emerging economies, as well as people with
disabilities.

In 1982, Ralph Caplan wrote in By design that Mahatma Gandhi’s concept
of nonviolent protest was one of the most effective design solutions in
history.

The Nobel laureate Herb Simon stated that there are really two types of
science. One concerns the world humans are responsible for producing(the
science of the artificial), and the other concerns the world in which
humans evolved(the science of the natural).

Science, engineering, and technology factor shifts have occurred in each
decade in the last century, opening new opportunities for designers. The
key ingredient for business success is the presence of both an
innovative 老总 who sees design as an investment, not a cost, and a
strategic design director or consultant who can place the value of the
design at the center of the company. If either one leaves, the value of
design is jeopardized.
把设计作为是斥资在,是还是不是资金;设计策略是商店的骨干;那两点缺一不可才只怕在前些天及前景成为立异使得的店堂。

维克多·帕帕奈克 为真正世界安顿

壹玖柒伍年
帕帕奈克的《为真实世界安插》给当时的设计行业投下了一颗大炸弹。帕帕奈克提议自个儿对此规划目标性的新看法,即设计应该为大面积老百姓服务;设计不仅应当为常人服务,同时还必须考虑为残疾人服务;设计应当认真考虑地球的点滴能源采用难题,设计应当
为保证大家居住的地球的有限资源服务。维克多·帕帕奈克对茶青设计思潮爆发了直白影响,他第三次提议了设计伦理的观念,即设计为什么?在“波普”设计活动的一片喧嚣的大潮中,开头有人从设计理论的角度严穆提出“设计指标”难点。那对于当代布置的天伦、现代规划的指标性理论来说,是很是重庆大学的贰个源点。正因为有其一源点,日后的布置理论才出现了特别深刻的进步。

Chapter 2 The Designful Company by Marty Neumeier

2008 Survey of Wicked Problems

  1. Balancing long-term goals with short-term demands
  2. Predicting returns on innovative concepts
  3. Innovating at the increasing speed of change
  4. Winning the war for world-class talent
  5. Combining profitability with social responsibility
  6. Protecting margins in a commoditizing industry
  7. Multiplying success by collaborating across silos
  8. Finding unclaimed yet profitable market space
  9. Addressing the challenge of eco-sustainability
  10. Aligning strategy with customer experience

A wicked problem is a puzzle so persistent, pervasive, and slippery that
it can seem insoluble.

Business at bottom is not mechanical but human. Today, we find that
innovation without emotion is uninteresting. Products without aesthetics
are not compelling, brands without meaning are undesirable, and business
without ethics is unsustainable. The management model that got us here
is underpowered to move us forward. To succeed, the new model must
replace the win-lose nature of the assembly line with the win-win nature
of the network.

商业贸易的底线不是机械而是人。今日,大家发现创新没有激情是不曾意思的。产品不美是从未可比性的,品牌未曾意义价值是不会有欲望想要的,而购销没有伦理是不可持续的。

The sure cure for Deming’s diseases, as well as for the top ten wicked
problems, is design. It’s the accelerator for the company car, the
powertrain for sustainable profits. Design drives innovation, innovation
powers brand, brand builds loyalty, and loyalty sustains profits. If you
want long-term profits, don’t start with technology-start with design.

There are really only two main components for business success: brands
and their delivery. All other activities- operations, finance,
manufacturing, marketing, sales, communications, human relations,
investor relations- are subcomponents.

霍斯特 Rittel, “Wicked Problem”的发起人

首批聚焦于统一筹划形式理论的钻探者之一,与她的长辈们不一样,他看好人的体会和感受在统一筹划时的基本点。第一遍将气象学引入到体验设计中。

1977-壹玖捌捌 第三代设计思想理论的产出

本条时期人们把全数惊人创新意识的设计师与普通的统一筹划区分开来,把这么些设计师放在显微镜下商讨,试着找出什么样让他俩灵感大发生。在Nigel
格罗斯和DonaldSchön等切磋员调研那个设计师独立工作时,及协会同盟时的宏图进程。从社科角度他们注意到不管是私家或许集体合营时设计创新意识最根本的是设计师的思维方式。那几个安排过程的考察为后来任何事情进行成立性思维打开了大门。

Nigel Gross

Nigel
格罗斯在商量设计艺术之前是人机交互领域的钻探员。在她的精本《Designerly
ways of
Knowing》
钻探设计师的思维和仲裁方法与任何专业区别的是哪些?那对于创设统一筹划思想有着非常大的震慑。

“Everyone can — and does — design. We all design when we plan for
something new to happen, whether that might be a new version of a
recipe, a new arrangement of the living room furniture, or a new lay
tour of a personal web page. […] So design thinking is something
inherent within human cognition; it is a key part of what makes us
human.”

Donald Alan Schön

唐Nader Schön
背景是MIT的城市规划的教学和史学家,他的超过1/2做事在反对60时代的规划规范的技术性。他付出的反省实践,对于规划进程的打响11分首要。他的工作不仅大大影响了设计,而且影响了团队学习园地。

“The reflective practitioner allows himself to experience surprise,
puzzlement, or confusion in a situation which he finds uncertain or
unique. He reflects on the phenomenon before him, and on the prior
understandings which have been implicit in his behaviour. He carries
out an experiment which serves to generate both a new understanding of
the phenomenon and a change in the situation.”

壹玖捌玖-二零零七 服务陈设和重重规划工具的产出

其一时半刻代,设计的限量第2次扩大。在90时代初设计的范围从创制人工制品扩展到彼此和劳动上。那种变化辅助来自Buchanan的《设计思想中的邪恶难点》一书钻探了安顿缓解复杂难题、模糊目的的潜力。
到二零零四年,亚洲随处的高校和Carnegie梅隆在大街小巷起头上课服务统一筹划。服务统一筹划的兴起,及复杂难题给产生新的宏图艺术工具提供了好环境,包涵为非设计师和涉企设计的工具。

Donald Norman, User-Centered Design

认知科学、人因工程等布置领域的名牌世界。在一九八七年问世的《经常的布置性》提议
“UCD”以用户为基本的宏图。
大家全体的布置性应当根据“适合用记”这几个简单的概念模型。他的视角的中央是“大家平时生活中的大多数知识都在环境上,而不是在脑力里”,以用户为主旨的章程有利于明白用户的须求和发现错误,并选择行动解决。Norman的UCD设计思想开辟了新的宏图艺术视角。

Richard Buchanan,整合设计

Buchanan 原卡梅罗设计高校的首领士,他透过将Rittel和Simon
的理论

Ezio
Manzini的安插执行
相挂钩,重新研讨了设计在消除Wicked
Problems中的角色,在1995宣布的《Wicked Problems in Design
Thinking》
中画了一条规划思想到更新的路径。在随后的有关布置思想的《Design
as a New Liberal
Art》中说设计做为专业的力量是“整合”,大概是因为专业性的短缺,所以它更有连日各学科的或是。

Design has no subject matter — that’s what make this a powerful
discipline. We MAKE our subject matter.

Liz Sanders 工具伊始者

Sanders,实验心境学和人类学的PhD. ,Make
Tools
的奠基人,是利用设计砚究领域的先驱者。明天不可胜举以人为骨干的设计和布置性思想中利用的工具,技术和办法都得以归入她。她也是搭档企划工具箱的合伙人,对于规划研商感兴趣的人来说,那么些是一个实用的指针。

Convivial ToolBox

This human-centered design revolution is causing us to rethink the
design process. In order to drive the human-centered design
revolution, we need to tap into the imaginations and dreams not only
of designers, but also of everyday people. New design spaces are
emerging in response to everyday people’s needs for creativity.

IDEO 融汇者

IDEO

IDEO一九九四年时由三家设计公司集合而成,分别是戴维 Delley
Design(华盛顿圣Louis分校教师 戴维 Kelley 创立),Based在London的Moggridge
Associates和在特拉维夫的ID-Two(两者都是由Bill Moggridge创制), 及 Matrix
Product Design(由迈克 Nuttall
制造)。差不离在Buchanan营造统一筹划思想的同时,IDEO实现了四个商店的联结,在今后的十年更上一层楼中,从学界和安插执行吸引了一批非凡有影响力的人参预。
与同时代的统一筹划集团差别,他们还要诚邀了人类学,商业战略,教育或健康等差异领域的大方来引导和扩充他们设计团队和流程。那一个多学科团队的政策在起始几年后获得了许多的荣耀。
现在他俩伊始普及设计思想和以人为宗旨的布置,在d.school推出了教育布置,撰写书本,并在大地的高等高校实践推广。

David & Tom Kelley

IDEO四个大家当和引导工作,Kelley兄弟都是畅销书的小编。
他们都擅长设计到企管。他们合营的书《立异自信力》,讲述革新创新意识的见解,援助个人和机构释放潜能,树立立异自信。
赶忙前的TomKelley的《立异的方法》里呈现了IDEO创新思维。

“It turns out that creativity isn’t some rare gift to be enjoyed by
the lucky few — it’s a natural part of human thinking and behavior. In
too many of us it gets blocked. But it can be unblocked. And
unblocking that creative spark can have far-reaching implications for
yourself, your organization, and your community.” Tom Kelley

Tim Brown

[Tim Brown]
(https://www.ideo.com/people/tim-brown)IDEOIDEO)的老板和工业设计师,
Brown一贯是统一筹划思想和换代的主动倡导者 ,Design
thinking
。他编慕与著述了诸多对非设计师选择陈设思想方面包车型地铁稿子,个中设计变更总体,设计思想怎样变革组织和振奋立异。

In order to survive in today’s complex world, organizations need to
generate, embrace, and execute on new ideas. That takes creativity and
a creatively capable workforce. It’s the secret sauce, or in
evolutionary terms, it’s what keeps you fit. Organizations without it
can’t compete.

Jane Fulton Suri

有心思学和修建学背景的IDEO 教母之称的Jane,
一贯从事于开发许多IDEO以人为本的筹划工具。引用其在IDEO的历程“她付出了移情观看和经验原型的技巧,以往被大面积用于产品、服务和环境,及系统、组织和策略的立异与统一筹划上。”她的书《Thoughtless
Acts?》

体现了直接观测与规划灵感之间的关系。她近来撰文了《Design
Ethics》
的短篇。

Bill Moggridge

United Kingdom如雷贯耳产品设计师,工业规划教学,交互设计和IDEO创办者。他以采取人性工程设计理论,同时也是后天产品设计主流理论的开发者。他筹划了第①台贝壳式台式机电脑,现今仍是台式机的主流外型。他写作的《关键设计报告》介绍了互动设计的历史,从Douglas
Engelbart
Will
Wright

Larry
Page

Sergey
Brin

I don’t think that anyone has really told (people) what design is. It
doesn’t occur to most people that everything is designed — that every
building and everything they touch in the world is designed. Even
foods are designed now. So in the process of helping people understand
this, making them more aware of the fact that the world around us is
something that somebody has control of, perhaps they can feel some
sense of control, too. I think that’s a nice ambition.

二零零三-未来 设计思想在商业贸易领域站据了1个主要的地方

从20年前设计思想初叶被提及,经历了许多的迭代,近日才得到肯定。
设计咨询集团包罗“IDEO”,
数码智能设计公司如“青蛙”,软件设计集团如“思特沃克”,服务安插集团如“肯定牛”等都在02-08年内外初阶调整协调的购销战略,今后一度化为企划行业的当先者。国内的营业所转变较晚到了二〇一一年左右才伊始调整,像Eico
Design。
而商业擅长的店堂像麦肯锡等,也在2016年起通过收购安顿集团展开战略的革命。[科技中的设计\ 2017](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://designintechreport.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/dit-2017-1-0-1c-1.pdf)
劳务统筹领域的升高创立了合营规划和涉企规划的新工具和流程。多学科团队的协作陈设那毕生成打开了里面立异,使设计进度对每种人更透明和卓有功能。除了在筹划领域在生意领域也开始应用用安插思想和协作布置的履行。Fuad
Luke,Sanders 和Manzini正是那块的急先锋。
向包容性迈进的变迁。随着智能手提式有线电电话机的普及,微软提议要面向公众的安插性,带着空前的包容性去思考和行事[Inclusive\ design\ at\ Microsoft](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/design/inclusive)

Alistair Fuad-Luke

Fuad-Luke一人自称为专业规划主持人、史学家、小说家和活动家,近日正在授课后来的筹划执行。他的品类强调与社区和个人,社会福得和代表经济连串的绽开,合营,共同企划。他的书《Design
Activism》
《The
Eco-Design
Handbook》
座谈设计在可持续发展中的效能。

Deborah Szebeko

Szebeko2壹周岁时在英国树立了ThinkPublic社会设计单位,专门从事公共部门和非政党组织的筹划与创新。用协作规划重点关注社会问题,他们一度赢得了多项荣誉。

We use a mixture of design processes. We’ve got a diversity of
designers, including service designers, graphics designers,
information designers, programmers, marketers, social scientists,
positive psychologists, and even anthropologists. This diversity of
experts bring different techniques related to their disciplines, and
this mixture creates a unique design process — we call it a co-design
process — whereby we capture public views.

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

Kat
holmes微软首席设计组长,随着智能设备的平凡,科技(science and technology)产品应有关注群众,应该向包容性迈进转变。设计本性具有包容,通过辨认排他性,大家能够开始对那么些在日常生活中与不受欢迎的宏图接触的用户建立起同理心。

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

以财富来源以下:
[1] Thomas Lockwood. Design Thinking (Design Management Institue,
2009)
[2] John Maeda. Design In Tech Report(2016,2017)
[3] Jo Szczepanska. What is design thinking, why do I keep hearing
about
it?

[4] A BRIEF HISTORY OF DESIGN THINKING: THE
THEORY

[5] 戴维·瑞兹曼. 现代设计史
[6] Stefanie Di Russo.Understanding the behaviour of design thinking
in complex environments(2016)
[7] Rikke Dam, Teo Siang. What is Design Thinking and Why Is It So
Popular?

[8] Sean Van Tyne. Design Thinking: A Brief
History

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